An itsy-bitsy tour of Hazaribagh, Jharkhand

The megaliths of Pankhri Barwadih, near Barkagaon, were probably erected in its position, somewhere between 2000 and 1500 BC. On the days of vernal equinox and autumn equinox, the Sun is observed to rise from the V in between these megalithic stones. Obviously the people living in these parts, 3500 years ago had developed some observatory over here.
After his discovery  in 2000, Subhashis Das published these in his books Sacred Stone of Indian Civilisation and Unknown Civilisation of Prehistoric India. Das was fascinated to find that during the two equinoxes on March 20 and September 22, when day and night are equal in length, the sun seemed to spring out of the twin megaliths at Pankri Barwadih. He started calling it the Equinox site.
Sacred Sites International Foundation, the US, — an organization that envisages preservation of natural and built sacred places — has identified Punkri Barwadih as the second most endangered heritage site in the world. For, the ancient menhirs present at the site have writings all over it. The following are excerpts from one of its articles by Bulu Imam:

“The Hazaribagh region in the state of Jharkhand has evidence of a very rich Palaeolithic as well as Neolithic heritage, and over two dozen rock shelters have been brought to light in the last decade which have rich microlithic beds in association with Paleolithic and Neolithic habitation sites. Comparative studies of the folklore of this ancient and culturally rich region has demonstrated that it was a part of the pre-vedic cultural complex which had one of its manifestations in the Indus valley. A series a studies focusing on megaliths, folklore, and rock art, including a series of documentary films, have shown that the Hazaribagh region and its environs was probably a part of the foundations of Indian civilizations. It is perhaps one of the oldest continuing cultural manifestations to be found in the world. The valley of the Damodar, especially in its upper watershed represents a site of Early man, tribal villages, priceless rock art and archaeological sites, sacred groves and one of the most important series of megalithic sites in India all of which are relevant only in situ, and are unmovable.”

Of course, we went to Urwan Tourist Complex, Koderma as tourist. But as we searched for tourist places in and around our base we came upon a lot of information on the rich cultural heritage of the place. Our original intention to visit some of these places were disturbed by the intense heat of early summer. We had to cut short our plans and restricted ourselves to only Pankhri Barwadih.
We started at around seven in the morning and stopping briefly at the Padma Palace before proceeding to Rajderva, Hazaribagh WLS. The Palace was probably built by the Ramgarh rulers more than 150 years ago. The Main gate, Rani Talao and the Hawa Mahal are all very beautiful.IMG_1750 copy
The Hawa Mahal or Kashmir Palace
Rani Talao
The Rani Talao
The second place in our itinerary was the Hazaribagh Wild Life Sanctuary. The Hazaribagh WLS has two forests the Rajderva side and the Salparni side. We decided to visit the Rajderva side. We were received by a Sambar Deer. There were numerous birds in the forest. We also had a glimpse of a spotted deer.
IMG_1810 kite
A Kite
The Rajderva Lake
IMG_1811Lake View from Watch Tower
And then we left the WLS and proceeded towards Hazaribagh town. After having lunch we proceeded toward Pankhri Barwadih. There were no signboards to welcome us. Only the GPS of our mobile guided us to this place. IMG_1868
We reached there at about half past one. The place was quite hot. After a brief photo session we decided to move back to Urwan. The ISCO cave paintings eluded us this time. We will be back soon.



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